Ways of Teaching Thinking
An Introduction to Four Thinking-Centered Approaches
Effective thinking-centered instruction aims to achieve two educational objectives:
Toward that end, this section of The Thinking Classroom highlights four thinking-centered approaches for infusing high-level thinking instruction into your regular curriculum. The Ways of Teaching Thinking region features a preview and description of each of the approaches.
Why These Four Approaches?
The four approaches to teaching thinking represent some of the research and products of the Harvard's Cognitive Skills Group. But more important, the four approaches together broadly attend to the core components of the instructional enterprise - from curriculum design, to implementation, to assessment. For instance, the Thinkpoint approach to teaching thinking centers on finding opportunities within the regular curriculum for students to think critically. Alternatively, teaching thinking through Thinking Dispositions focuses on the development of students' critical thinking skills and habits of mind. While each approach is distinct and could be adopted by teachers solely as a stand-alone pedagogy separate from the other three, it is likely you will draw on pieces from each approach to create your own unique culture of thinking in your own classroom.
Ways of Teaching Thinking: 4 Instructional Approaches
The Four Ways of Thinking
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